Thoracic Spine

The thoracic spine is one of the most common musculoskeletal problems that presents to physiotherapists. The thoracic spine includes the spinal joints, rib joints and discs in the upper back and may be associated with a varied combination of pain, altered movement and muscular spasm. The thoracic spine is one of the more difficult areas for assessment and treatment due to the interplay between it and the shoulder joint, neck, lower back, nervous system and organs such as the heart, lungs and stomach.

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